These business leaders want to make international adoption less complex
As an Asian and an international adoptee, I walk a complex path. In my TED feature, I shared the emotional complexity of transracial adoption. While international adoption may seem rare, over 410,000 children have been adopted from 28 countries into the United States between 1953 and 2016. That’s a significant number. And while US citizen parents usually try their best, they can’t always control how their child is treated in school, work, or their community.
I was born in Korea and adopted by white parents at age 3. As a young adult, I was naturalized and knew I was a US citizen. Early in my career as a law clerk, a partner at the firm where I had been hired casually asked me if I was a legal US citizen because I was adopted. He said, “You know, I have to ask you that.” The firm had formal HR personnel, and this individual was not the recruiting partner or the managing partner. So I was taken aback that he would ask about my citizenship status. I was quite sure the partner did not ask this question to all the law clerks at the firm.
One year after I had this experience with the law firm partner, Congress made a well-meaning law through the Childhood Citizenship Act of 2000 to automatically grant US citizenship to all intercountry adoptees adopted by US citizen parents. But the Act also contained an important technical oversight that failed to automatically grant citizenship to international adoptees born before February 27, 1983. As a result, if an adoptee’s parents or legal guardians did not complete the naturalization process, they were not actually US citizens like they grew up believing themselves to be.
When an adoptee finds out about their citizenship (or lack thereof), they experience additional challenges to access citizenship rights that most of us take for granted: such as applying for a job or even opening a bank account. It is estimated that thousands of adopted individuals fall into this technical oversight. Despite repeated attempts by advocates to fix this oversight, Congress has allowed this law to stand for over 20 years.
There is a current bill in Congress called the Adoptee Citizenship Act of 2021 (H.R. 1593, S. 967) that would remove this systemic barrier to give all international adoptees fundamental rights that all US citizens deserve. Utah Congressional Representative John Curtis says, “When I heard about this situation, it was obvious that I needed to sponsor this bill. I’m pleased to see such tremendous bipartisan support for the Adoptee Citizenship Act.”
Shelly Johnson, EVP at Zions Bank, also an international adoptee, says, “The current law makes it more difficult for thousands of international adoptees to apply for jobs, access banking, apply for business loans, and own a home. Many of these adoptees will need access to government programs, such as Medicare, disability, and social security benefits. I hope Congress will agree how important it is to make a change in this law to grant all international adoptees US citizenship.”
Utah State Senator Jani Iwamoto also filed a Utah state bill for a resolution to support international adoptee citizenship for the 2022 general Utah legislative session. Senator Iwamoto says, “Utah has always prided itself on being a family-friendly and child-friendly state. This technical flaw should have been cured decades ago. International adoptees should never have to worry whether they belong in this country.”
Much of my work as a diversity, equity, and inclusion consultant is helping leaders and employees develop empathy to better understand the lived experiences that might be invisible to others. International adoptees often live in a strange place “between” cultures, resulting in a complexity that few people realize. The complexities can be extreme—such as a complete lack of US citizenship—or subtle, such as unwanted and awkward workplace conversations relating to their adoption or country of origin. Countless times I have been asked the question “Where are you from?” with the underlying assumption that I’m not an American, despite sharing the same cultural, religious, and educational experiences as my peers.
There is a growing understanding and sensitivity that adoption experiences are very personal. Adoptees can have a wide range of feelings about their adoption. My recommendation for any workplace relationship is to develop a friendship based on mutual appreciation and value. Then, if you have a sincere desire to learn more, respectfully ask if they are comfortable talking about their adoption and let that person lead the conversation based on their own comfort level.
In the meantime, I am hopeful that all of Utah’s congressional and state government leaders will agree to change the law so that international adoptees can gain the citizenship they deserve. Watch this video to learn more about why this legislation will make a world of difference to the lives of these international adoptees.